Founder of the Think-tank Club Africa 2030 and author of the vision statement Africa 2030, Khaled Igue proposes several avenues to make economic growth even more inclusive for Africa. But Khaled Igue is categorical: making growth more inclusive does not mean less growth because investments must grow in parallel. Africa is not on the sidelines of the narrative. Africans must have confidence in the continent. If China has reached the level it is at today, it is because the Chinese first mobilised themselves massively. Africans today understand this and awareness is only just beginning to grow. Africa will be developed first by Africans. This is a simple rule from which our continent will not deviate. But the application of this paradigm depends on several imponderables. 1- We must have confidence in our youth because it is a vector of social progress and innovation.
We are recording unprecedented population growth: +4-5 % according to specialists. Whether some people like it or not, it is an opportunity, provided we create the conditions for our youth to flourish. To do this, we must train them and enable them to develop expertise. Today, 70% of the young generation lives in rural areas. We must therefore facilitate investment in agribusiness in rural areas. There is no inevitability and we can curb this unemployment phenomenon. The signals are positive and the most daring policies will be rewarded because civil societies are already ready. In the agricultural sector, 80 per cent of our materials are processed by women, who unfortunately still do not have the priority to inherit land. A profound reform of land tenure with contracts with the State will be necessary to allow people to have access to land. Agriculture will have to become an entrepreneurial sector. 2- Everything must be based on the triptych that I describe in my book entitled "Africa's time". In it, I explain that development policy must focus on what I call "the resource triangle". This triangle is based on three fundamental pillars: expertise, investment and technology. This social progress initiated by Africa's youth will only be effective if public decision-makers create a favourable ecosystem. Therefore, we need real renewed leadership. "Each generation must, in relative opacity, discover its mission, fulfill it or betray it", said Frantz Fanon, a famous french author It is an issue that will transcend societal and political divides for the coming decades.